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Uruguay Standards: General

PostPosted: Tue Nov 18, 2008 7:20 am
by bridgat
The Instituto Uruguayo de Normas Técnicas - UNIT (Uruguayan Technical Standards Institute) is a private institution responsible for developing standards at the national level. It prepares and approves standards through specialized technical committees, certifies products and services as well as quality systems.

The LATU is responsible for controlling the quality of imported food products (see below). It is a founding member of the Inter-American Metrology System (IMS). Since October 1999, calibration services for weights, balances and temperature have been accredited by the Deutscher Kalibrierdienst (DKD)of Germany.

The MGAP, through the Dirección General de Servicios Agrícolas (Directorate-General of Agricultural Services) controls the quality of phytosanitary products and raw materials, as well as animal feed and live plants (see also section (2)(ix)). The Instituto Nacional de Semillas – INASE (National Seed Institute) controls the quality of all plant structures used for sowing or breeding.

In addition, there are other institutions with quality control responsibilities in specific sectors such as telecommunications and electricity. The State enterprise ANTEL certifies telecommunications equipment; in the electricity sector, certification is the responsibility of LATU Sistemas S.A. (in addition to the UNIT and the LATU) LATU Sistemas S.A. is an organization linked to the Austrian Quality Association (ÖVQ), which is a member of the European Organization for Quality (EOQ); this is accredited by the OUA., the Electrical Engineering Institute in the engineering faculty of the University of the Republic, the laboratory of the National Electricity Plants and Transmission Authority (UTE), or any other certification organization recognized by the URSEA (Energy and Water Services Regulatory Unit) that has a commercial presence in Uruguay.

The goal of Uruguay's standardization policy continues to be to protect public health, safety, consumer rights, the environment and Uruguay's reputation as an exporter. The technical regulations generally follow regional or international guidelines and apply equally to domestic and imported products. At the regional level, UNIT (Uruguayan Technical Standards Institute) participates in the development of MERCOSUR and COPANT standards. At the international level, UNIT endorses international standards or specifications such as those of the ISO or the IEC. Information online at UNIT, Normalización. Available at:

http://www.unit.org.uy/Normalizacion/index.asp.
http://www.latu.org.uy

In November 2001, a memorandum of understanding was signed with ASTM International. ASTM International was formerly known as the American Society for Testing and Materials.

Some technical regulations
Product or requirement Legal instrument
Labelling:
All products Decree No. 141/92 of 2 April 1992
Alcohol and alcoholic beverages Law No. 16.753 of 13 June 1996
Footwear Decree No. 65 of 18 February 2000
Cigarettes, cigars and other tobacco products Decree No. 36 of 25 January 2005
Medical equipment and therapeutic devices Decree No. 165 of 8 June 1999
Fruit, vegetables and flowers Decree No. 929 of 30 December 1988
Medicines and cosmetics Decree No. 521 of 22 September 1984 and Decree No. 324 of 12 October 1999
Pesticides Decree No. 149 of 15 March 1977; Decree No. 294/004 of 11 August 2004
Food products Decree No. 315 of 5 July 1994, Decree No. 141 of 2 April 1992 and Decree No. 41 of 25 January 1993
Textile products Decree No. 64 of 18 February 2000
Wine "of superior quality" Decree No. 283 of 16 June 1993
Imported wine of "superior quality" with an appellation of recognized origin (DOR) Decree No. 431 of 21 September 1994
Other regulations adopted since 1998:
Adhesives used to make containers and equipment to be used in contact with food Decree No. 340/004 of 23 September 2004, giving effect to Resolution No. 27/99 of the GMC
Additives and their maximum concentrations for food category 19 Decree No. 22/001 of 23 January 2001, giving effect to Resolution No. 54/98 of the GMC
Additives and their limits for specified categories of food Decree No. 33/001 of 31 January 2001, giving effect to Resolution No. 73/97 of the GMC
Additives and their maximum concentrations for various categories of food Decree No. 20/001 of 23 January 2001, giving effect to Resolution No. 74/97 of the GMC
Combinations of drugs containing anorectics in medicines and magistral preparations Decree No. 210/00 of 25 July 2000, giving effect to Resolution No. 39/99 of the GMC
Children's bicycles Decree No. 377/004 of 21 October 2004, giving effect to Resolution No. 45/03 of the GMC
Cosmetics (quantitative indication) Decree No. 243/001 of 27 June 2001, giving effect to Resolution No. 50/00 of the GMC
Multilayer PET containers to be used to bottle non-alcoholic aerated beverages Decree No. 253/005 of 15 August 2005, giving effect to Resolution No. 25/99 of the GMC
Containers and articles of cellulose fibre in contact with food Decree No. 163/001 of 8 May 2001, giving effect to Resolution No. 35/97 of the GMC
Containers and elastomer articles to be used in contact with food Decree No. 164/001 of 8 May 2001, giving effect to Resolution No. 54/97 of the GMC
Wheat flour Decree No. 265/002 of 11 July 2002, giving effect to Resolution No. 09/2002 of the GMC
Blood derivatives of plasma origin Decree No. 270/000 of 19 September 2000, giving effect to Resolution No. 33/99 of the GMC
Toys Decree No. 388/005 of 7 October 2005
Honey (identity and quality) Decree No. 105/001 of 27 March 2001, giving effect to Resolution No. 89/99 of the GMC
Bell peppers (sweet peppers) Decree No. 193/998 of 22 July 1998, giving effect to Resolution No. 142/996 of the GMC
Regenerated cellulose film to be used in contact with food Decree No. 167/001 of 8 May 2001, giving effect to Resolution No. 55/97 of the GMC
Ceramic tiles for covering (quality control) Decree No. 359/001 of 6 September 2001, giving effect to Resolution No. 16/01 of the GMC
Cosmetic and make-up products marketed in nominal quantities of 5g or ml to 20g or ml (quantitative indication) Decree No. 244/001 of 27 June 2001, giving effect to Resolution No. 49/00 of the GMC
Household hygiene products with a hypochlorite-added base (javel water with additives/bleach/chlorine water with additives) Decree No. 443/001 of 13 November 2001, giving effect to Resolution No. 57/98 of the GMC

Pre-measured industrial products (net content) Decree No. 358/001 of 6 September 2001, giving effect to Resolution No. 18/01 of the GMC
Medical products (basic safety and efficacy requirements) Decree No. 152/001 of 3 May 2001, giving effect to Resolution No. 72/98 of the GMC
Disinfectant hygiene products (pesticides) for household use Decree No. 180/000 of 14 June 2000, giving effect to Resolution No. 49/99 of the GMC
Paper serviettes, towels and handkerchiefs (indication of the nominal content) Decree No. 245/001 of 27 June 2001, giving effect to Resolution No. 02/01 of the GMC
Cosmetic sunscreens Decree No. 257/004 of 22 July 2004, giving effect to Resolution No. 26/02 of the GMC
Note:GMC – MERCOSUR, Common Market Group.


Source: WTO