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Peru Import Regs.: Documentation

Discussion of Peru's standards and comprehensive import regulations on warrantees/guarantees, used vehicles, temporary entry, prohibitions, licenses, and more.

Peru Import Regs.: Documentation

Postby bridgat » Tue Nov 18, 2008 6:54 am

Importers can complete import formalities without the need to employ a customs broker. For this, they must be authorized by SUNAT, which depends on their complying with the requirements of the Regulation to the General Customs Law. Chapter III of Title VII of the Regulation to the General Customs Law, approved by Supreme Decree No. 011-2005-EF of 26 January 2005. SUNAT's authorization is not required for imports with a value of not more than US$2,000.

On April 30, 2007, the GOP issued R.M. N# 093-2007-MINCETUR/DM establishing specific requirements for a Certificate of Origin (on goods subject to anti-dumping or CVD actions by Peru) to be accepted by SUNAT(Peru's Customs Authority), including the requirement of verifying the information on the certificate of origin by an official or semi-official organization.
Documents required for customs clearance:

o Customs unique declaration (DUA)
o Commercial Invoice
o Bill of lading or airway bill
o Packing list
o Proof of insurance
o Certificate of origin (if the imports are from one of the Andean Group countries to be eligible to get tariff preferences or are used to demonstrate that the goods do come from a country or company subject to safeguard or AD/CVD measures)
o Food sanitary registry for food proccessed products (issued by the Food and Environmental health Bureau - DIGESA)
o Sanitary certificate for animal, plants and by-products (issued by the National Animal and Plan Health Services of the Ministry of Agriculture - SENASA)
o Certificate of quality (for imports of pharmaceuticals)

For imports, a commercial invoice, an airway bill or bill of lading, a packing list, an insurance letter and, for items worth more than U.S. $5,000, and a certificate of inspection done prior to shipment. If the product is imported from the Andean Community (Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador and Bolivia), a certificate of origin is required to qualify for tariff preferences. A food sanitary registry is required for food processed products (issued by DIGESA) or a Sanitary Certificate for animal, plants -including wood packing materials - or their by-products (issued by SENASA). The "Declaration Unica de Aduanas" (DUA) is utilized for trade under the Andean Pact.

Sanitary and Phytosanitary Regulations

Sanitary and Phytosanitary Regulations are drafted, implemented and enforced by the Ministry of Agriculture’s National SPS Service (SENASA). Exporters should request from SENASA an updated list of SPS requirements through the importer, if any, before shipping any products to Peru. SENASA issued lately a set of regulations that include a fumigation requirement for lentils, ban of poultry and poultry products imports, new sanitary certificates for dairy products, new requirements for meats and phytosanitary regulations for seeds and vegetables with phytosanitary risk.

Food and Beverage Sanitary Registration

The importer needs to submit a sworn application to the Food and Environmental Health Bureau (DIGESA) including contact information of his company and the manufacturer, the importer’s taxpayer identification number (R.U.C.), the product content, the results of physical-chemical and microbiological analysis, ingredients, lot code, expiration date and storage conditions. In addition, a Certificate of Free Trade or a Certificate of Use issued by the health authority of the country of origin accompanied with a payment of approximately $64 is required.

In addition, Ministerial Resolution #1020 of September 15, 2007 requires new documentation for imported toys and office tools/materials. A new document "Sanitary Authorization to Import" is required to be issued by the Peruvian General Direction of Environmental Sanitation (in Spanish DIGESA). Title #7 of this Resolution identifies the specific information and the documental format that must be presented to DIGESA to obtain the "Sanitary Authorization" certificate. Peruvian will require this information to be presented prior to shipment.
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