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Argentina Standards: General Observations

Discussions of certification and testing standards for vertical industrial products, import regulations, temporary Entry, tariffs, prohibited and restricted imports to Argentina.

Argentina Standards: General Observations

Postby qszheng_forum » Mon Nov 17, 2008 1:41 pm

Decree 1474/94 was published by the national executive branch on August 23, 1994. It created the National System of Standards, Quality and Certification. Resolution 90/95 was published by the Secretariat of Industry of the Ministry of Economy on September 26, 1995. Resolution 90/95 implements decree 1474/94 by establishing the main bodies within the national structure, their functions and their relationship. For example, the GOA requires "mandatory certification" for bicycles and parts under IRAM Standard# 40020 issued in 2005.

The highest body of the system is a council with representation from various government and private sector groups. It is presided by the Secretary of Industry of the Ministry of Economy. This council has an advisory group composed of representatives from industry, consumers, labor and universities.

At the second level of the system there are (1) a standards organization and (2) an accreditation organization.

IRAM, the Argentine Standards Institute, was designated as the national standards organization. In so doing, the government granted official status to a private-sector (non-profit) standards developer that has performed this function in Argentina for well over 70 years. IRAM is and has always been the only standards developer in the country and publishes national, private, voluntary standards for all economic and productive sectors.

On the other hand, the Argentine accreditation organization, OAA, is a recently created non-profit institution. It is charged with accrediting (1) certification organizations for both products and systems, (2) testing laboratories, (3) calibration laboratories and (4) auditors. The OAA Council has representatives from industry, such as companies and trade associations; from the scientific-technical sector, such as universities and professional associations, from consumers and general interest and from public and private organizations accredited by the system. Accreditation by OAA is voluntary.

IRAM and the OAA function in accordance with the relevant iso/iec guides for both their internal and external activities.

Technical assistance for the operation of the system is in the hands of the national institute of industrial technology, INTI, which is part of the Secretariat of Industry.

Information available as of the date of this document indicates that the OAA has accredited one product certifier, one system certifier/registrar (see paragraph 11), three testing laboratories, eight calibration laboratories (see below) and no auditors. In fact, the activity related to the accreditation of auditors is in its infancy.

By decree 1157/72, INTI is the custodian of the national measurement standards and is assigned the responsibility of maintaining them for calibration purposes. Resolution 106/85 implemented this with the creation of the Argentine Calibration Service, SAC, composed of some 9-10 calibration laboratories. Most of those calibration laboratories are now considered accredited by the OAA.

Conformity assessment

The steps involved in adopting conformity assessment procedures are the same as those for adopting technical regulations.

Entities that engage in testing and certification of regulated products have to be accredited by the OAA and recognized by the competent authority. To obtain recognition, these entities must, inter alia, follow the guidelines established in ISO Guides 65 and 25, depending on the case. Regulations on certification correspond to those contained in the ISO and IEC guides, so as to facilitate the establishment of mutual recognition agreements.

Certification is the responsibility of a variety of institutions, such as IRAM, INTI, the National University of Buenos Aires and the National Technological University, each of which is free to set prices for assessing product conformity.

IRAM provides certification for products, processes, and services, as well as for management systems and software. SENASA has also recognized IRAM as the certification body for organic SENASA Resolution No. 247/97 of 1997 and agrifood products SENASA Resolution No. 280/2001 of 8 August 2001. At the international level, it participates in IQNet (for the certification of management systems) and as liaison member in the Quality Excellence for Suppliers of Telecommunications Forum (QuEST FORUM), and it serves as the national certification body for the IECEE CB Scheme (for electrical equipment). IRAM. To facilitate the acceptance of conformity assessment results, IRAM maintains bilateral certification agreements (products and/or quality systems) with organizations in some 22 countries. IRAM --- Convenios de Certificaciónat: http://iram.com.ar//quienes.htm.

As a government agency, INTI also performs product testing and certification.

Updated statistical information as well as other data related to certifications, registrations and laboratory accreditations may be obtained from the Subsecretaria de Accion de Gobierno (SSGA) of the general secretariat of the presidency of the nation. You may also want to consult the website for inti at www.inti.gov.ar.

Contact information

IRAM, Instituto Argentino de Normalizacion
Chile 1192
1098 Buenos Aires
Republica Argentina
Phone: 54-1-1-4381-4424/4576/5219/8845/9754/9785
Fax: 54-11-4-383-8463
postmaster@iram.org.ar


OAA, Organsimo Argentino de Acreditacion
Avenida Leandro Alem 1067, piso 7
1001 Buenos Aires
Republica Argentina
Phone: 54-11-4-313-4008/3013
Fax: 54-11-4-313-2130

INTI, Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Industrial
Main offices: Avenida Leandro Alem 1067, piso 7
1001 Buenos Aires
Republica Argentina
phone: 54-11-4-313-3013/3092/3054
fax: 54-11-4-313-2130

Laboratories: Parque Tecnologico Miguelete
Av. Gral. Paz e Albarellos y Constituyentes
cc 157
1650 San Martin
Provincia de Buenos Aires
Republica Argentina
phone: 54-11-4-754-5151 to 5155 and 4141 to 4145
fax 54-11-4-754-2102


Subsecretaria de Accion de Gobierno
Direccion de Estudios y Proyectos
Avenida Belgrano 748, piso 9
Buenos Aires
Republica Argentina
Phone: 54-11-4-345-1396
Fax: 54-11-4-345-1390
accion@interserver.com.ar

The Secretariat of Industry, Commerce and Mining of the Republic of Argentina has issued a resolution mandating safety requirements on all low voltage electrical equipment that will be marketed in Argentina. Resolution 92 was signed on February 16, 1998 and its stated purpose is to ensure the safety of consumers when such equipment is used under normal conditions.

Manufacturers, importers, distributors, wholesalers and retailers must obtain certification or require certification to show compliance with the stated essential requirements for safety. Such certification must be granted by an organization accredited by the Argentine accreditation organization (Organismo Argentino de Acreditacion, OAA). The product must have a "mark of conformity" certification and it must be issued by a certifier accredited by the OAA. The certificate must be presented to the office of domestic trade (Direccion Nacional de Comercio Interior).
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