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Argentina Phyto-sanitary/GMOs

Discussions of certification and testing standards for vertical industrial products, import regulations, temporary Entry, tariffs, prohibited and restricted imports to Argentina.

Argentina Phyto-sanitary/GMOs

Postby qszheng_forum » Mon Nov 17, 2008 1:36 pm

Argentina regulates various biotech products through the Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries and Food (SAGPYA). The Argentine National Advisory Committee on Agricultural Biotechnology (CONABIA) provides technical support and expert advice to SAGPYA. There is no law on agricultural bio-technology currently in force.

The Argentine regulatory framework specifies the conditions under which environmental releases of genetically modified material should be conducted and how CONABIA reviews the data in the analysis of each submitted application. SAGPYA monitors and enforces the above mentioned regulations through several institutions including:

-National Advisory Committee on Agricultural Biotechnology
Paseo Colon 982, piso 2
Buenos Aires
ph: 54-11-4349-2198
fax: 54-11-4349-2178

-National Service for Agricultural and Food Health and Quality
Paseo Colon 367, piso 3
1060 Buenos Aires
ph: 54-11-4331-6041 extension 1501
fax: 54-11-4331-6042

Approval process for commercialization of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)

Evaluation of impact in the agricultural ecosystem:
a. Compliance with regulation 289
b. Compliance with regulation 131

Biosafety evaluation of the food products derived of transgenic crop for human and animal consumption -SENASA

Evaluation of commercial impact on export markets: technical report prepared by the national bureau of agricultural food markets in order to avoid a negative impact on Argentine exports.

Genetically modified crops (GMOs) must fulfill the requirements established by the national institute of seeds for their appropiate registration with the national registry for cultivation.

Upon completion of all of the steps mentioned above, CONABIA’s office of technical coordination compiles all pertinent information with the purpose of preparing a final report to the SENASA for a final decision.

Resolutions 289 and 131 issues in 2003 will supersede earlier legal requirements (Resolution 39) and form part of the general regulatory system related to plant protection (agricultural production health defense law # 6704/66 and its amendments), seeds and phyto-genetic creations (seed and phyto-genetic creations law #20.247/73 and its regulatory decree), and animal health (veterinarian products, and supervision of creation and commercialization law #13.636/49).

Resolution 289

Application for the issuance of licenses for experimentation on and/or release into the environment of genetically modified plant organisms are made to SAGPYA (competent authority for issuing this license for experimentation on and/or release into the environment of genetically modified plant organisms, relying on opinions issued by CONABIA.

Resolution 131.

This Resolution requests fuller technical information than that provided through resolution 289. The applicant may add supporting documentation of the items as considered necessary. The request should be made in the Spanish language and supporting documentation could be presented either in Spanish
or English language.

Special documentation required, test of shipments and trace-ability.

To comply with Argentine law, all imports of agricultural products should bear a phyto-sanitary certificate (AFIDI). A new field concerning biotech has been added to that certificate where it is requested information in reference to the name of the event and the number of approval. Items that have not been yet approved by SAGPYA would not be permitted entry.

Labeling. There is no specific regulation in Argentina for labeling GMO products. The current regulatory system is based on the characteristics and identified risks of the product and not in the process that
produced the product.
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