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Argentina Standards: Industrial Goods Certification

Discussions of certification and testing standards for vertical industrial products, import regulations, temporary Entry, tariffs, prohibited and restricted imports to Argentina.

Argentina Standards: Industrial Goods Certification

Postby qszheng_forum » Mon Nov 17, 2008 1:41 pm

Benchmarks used in the preparation of technical regulations include international and MERCOSUR standards, the standards and recommendations issued by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the Pan American Commission on Technical Standards (COPANT), the Codex Alimentarius Commission, the International Organization of Legal Metrology (OILM), and the regulations of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). The choice of a standard to be used in a technical regulation depends on factors relating to the market, as well as regional, climatic and technological considerations.

The National System for Standards, Certification and Accreditation was created for the stated purpose of promoting the quality of goods and services in an industrial, modern economy for globalized markets.

Decree 1474/94 was published by the national executive branch on August 23, 1994. It created the National System of Standards, Quality and Certification. Resolution 90/95 was published by the Secretariat of Industry of the Ministry of Economy on September 26, 1995. Resolution 90/95 implements Decree 1474/94 by establishing the main bodies within the national structure, their functions and their relationship.

The highest body of the system is a council with representation from various government and private sector groups. It is presided by the Secretary of Industry of the Ministry of Economy. This council has an advisory group composed of representatives from industry, consumers, labor and universities.

At the second level of the system there are (1) a standards organization and (2) an accreditation organization.

IRAM, the Argentine Standards Institute, was designated as the national standards organization. In so doing, the government granted official status to a private-sector (non-profit) standards developer that has performed this function in Argentina for well over 70 years. IRAM is and has always been the only standards developer in the country and publishes national, private, voluntary standards for all economic and productive sectors.

On the other hand, the Argentine accreditation organization, OAA, is a recently created non-profit institution. It is charged with accrediting (1) certification organizations for both products and systems, (2) testing laboratories, (3) calibration laboratories and (4) auditors. The OAA Council has representatives from industry, such as companies and trade associations; from the scientific-technical sector, such as universities and professional associations, from consumers and general interest and from public and private organizations accredited by the system. Accreditation by OAA is voluntary.

IRAM and the OAA function in accordance with the relevant ISO/IEC guides for both their internal and external activities.

Technical assistance for the operation of the system is in the hands of the National Institute of Industrial Technology, INTI, which is part of the Secretariat of Industry.

Information available as of the date of this document indicates that the OAA has accredited one product certifier, one system certifier/registrar (see paragraph 11), Three testing laboratories, eight calibration laboratories (see below) and no auditors. In fact, the activity related to the accreditation of auditors Is in its infancy.

By Decree 1157/72, INTI is the custodian of the National Measurement Standards and is assigned the responsibility of maintaining them for calibration purposes. Resolution 106/85 implemented this with the creation of the Argentine Calibration Service, SAC, composed of some 9-10 calibration laboratories. Most of those calibration laboratories are now considered accredited by the OAA.

It is important to keep in mind that in Argentina, as in many other countries around the world, the term certification is used for both products and systems. In the United States, to distinguish these two very different activities, the term certification is reserved exclusively for products while the term registration is applied to quality and environmental management systems.

There are currently 19 quality management (ISO9000) systems registration bodies operating in Argentina and three of those have also granted environmental management (ISO14000) system registration. Only one of these registrars has sought and obtained accreditation for the OAA.

As of February 28, 1998, 524 quality management system registrations have been granted in Argentina to 387 organizations as well as 21 environmental management system registrations.

Updated statistical information as well as other data related to certifications, registrations and laboratory accreditations may be obtained from the Subsecretaria de Accion de Gobierno (SSGA) of the General Secretariat of the Presidency of the Nation. You may also want to consult the website for INTI at www.inti.gov.ar

Contact Information

IRAM, Instituto Argentino de Normalizacion
Chile 1192
1098 Buenos Aires
Republica Argentina
Phone: 54-1-1-4381-4424/4576/5219/8845/9754/9785
Fax: 54-11-4-383-8463
Postmaster@iram.org.ar
www.iram.org.ar

OAA, Organsimo Argentino de Acreditacion
Avenida Leandro Alem 1067, Piso 7
1001 Buenos Aires
Republica Argentina
Phone: 54-11-4-313-4008/3013
Fax: 54-11-4-313-2130


INTI, Instituto Nacional De Tecnologia Industrial
Main Offices: Avenida Leandro Alem 1067, Piso 7
1001 Buenos Aires
Republica Argentina
Phone: 54-11-4-313-3013/3092/3054
Fax: 54-11-4-313-2130

Laboratories: Parque Tecnologico Miguelete
Av. Gral. Paz E/albarellos Y Constituyentes
Cc 157
1650 San Martin
Provincia de Buenos Aires
Republica Argentina
Phone: 54-11-4-754-5151 to 5155 and 4141 to 4145
Fax 54-11-4-754-2102


Subsecretaria de Accion de Gobierno
Direccion de Estudios Y Proyectos
Avenida Belgrano 748, Piso 9
Buenos Aires
Republica Argentina
Phone: 54-11-4-345-1396
Fax: 54-11-4-345-1390
Accion@interserver.com.ar

The Secretariat of Industry, Commerce and Mining of the Republic of Argentina has issued a resolution mandating safety requirements on all low voltage electrical equipment that will be marketed in Argentina. Resolution 92 was signed on February 16, 1998 and its stated purpose is to ensure the safety of consumers when such equipment is used under normal conditions.

Manufacturers, importers, distributors, wholesalers and retailers must obtain certification or require certification to show compliance with the stated essential requirements for safety. Such certification must be granted by an organization accredited by the Argentine accreditation organization (Organismo Argentino de Acreditacion, OAA). The product must have a "Mark of Conformity" Certification and it must be issued by a certifier accredited by the OAA. The certificate must be presented to the Office of Domestic Trade (Direccion Nacional de Comercio Interior).

The requirements of the Resolution will be applicable on August 16, 1998.

First Phase: During a Period of 6 - 10 months, depending on the product, manufacturers will be permitted to present a Declaration of Conformity as a sworn declaration, to show that the essential requirements have been met. The declaration must be based on testing or documented evaluations.

Second Phase: At the end of the first stage and during a following year, a "Type" Certificate may be presented to the Office of Domestic Trade, based on tests carried out by an accredited or recognized laboratory. Thereafter, a "Mark of Conformity" Certification granted by an organization accredited by the OAA must be presented.

All requirements are equally applicable to national and foreign suppliers.

To date, it is not fully known how the resolution will be implemented. There is only one Argentine product certifier accredited by the OAA and no accredited laboratories in this field.

Products include:
- Cables
- Outlets
- Switches & Plugs
- Home Appliances
- Consumer Electronics
- Portable Heaters
- Air Conditioners

The Secretariat of Industry, Commerce and Mining of the Republic of Argentina has issued a resolution mandating safety requirements on all low voltage electrical equipment that will be marketed in Argentina.

Resolution 92 was signed by the Secretary of Industry Alieto A. Guadagni on February 16, 1998. It covers all low voltage electrical equipment to be marketed in Argentina and states that such equipment must meet the essential safety requirements that are given in the resolution. Its stated purpose is to ensure the safety of consumers when such equipment is used under foreseeable or normal conditions of use.

See Paragraphs 8, 9 and 10 below for the implementation schedule.

Essential requirements cover general conditions, protection against hazards from the equipment itself and protection against dangers caused by influences outside the equipment. These essential requirements are presumed to have been met when products conform to applicable Argentine (IRAM) and International (IEC) Standards.

Manufacturers, importers, distributors, wholesalers and retailers must obtain certification or require certification to show compliance with the stated essential requirements for safety. Such certification must be granted by an organization accredited by the Argentine accreditation organization (Organismo Argentino de Acreditacion, OAA).

The Product must hold a “Mark of Conformity” Certification (As Defined in ISO/IEC Guide 28) and it must be issued by a certifier accredited by the OAA. The certificate must be presented to the Office of Domestic Trade. Distributors, wholesalers and retailers must also have proof of certification.

Customs (Direccion General de Aduanas) will verify conformity to the Resolution. The Office of Domestic Trade (Direccion Nacional de Comercio Interior) will provide the necessary information to Customs.

The requirements of the Resolution will be applicable six (6) months after its publication, that is, on August 16, 1998.

First Phase: During a period of 6-10 months, depending on the product, manufacturers will be permitted to present a declaration of conformity (Declaracion de Conformidad) as a sworn declaration (Declaracion Jurada), to show that the essential requirements have been met. The declaration must be based on testing or documented evaluations. Distributors, wholesalers and retailers must also have copy of this declaration.

Second Phase: At the end of the first stage and during a following year, a "Type" Certificate may be presented to the Office of Domestic Trade, based on tests carried out by an accredited or recognized laboratory. Thereafter, a “Mark of Conformity” Certification granted by an organization accredited by the OAA must be presented.

All requirements are equally applicable to national and foreign suppliers.

During the first stage, importers can also opt for a Declaration of Conformity. During the Second Stage, in addition to the stated requirements, a foreign manufacturer may present a “Type” Certification granted by a foreign certifier that has an reciprocity agreement with an Argentine certifier accredited by the OAA. During the third stage, a foreign certification will be accepted under the same conditions as given for the second stage.
It is not fully known how the resolution will be implemented. There is only one Argentine product certifier accredited by the OAA and no accredited laboratories in this field.
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