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Uruguay Import Regs.: Sanitary/Phytosanitary

Share your understandings of Uruguay importing regulations, standards and other trade information.

Uruguay Import Regs.: Sanitary/Phytosanitary

Postby bridgat » Tue Nov 18, 2008 7:17 am

The Ministry for Agriculture's (MGAP) responsibility is to draw up and implement sanitary and phytosanitary protection programmes in the agriculture and fisheries sector. It is also responsible for ensuring compliance with sanitary and phytosanitary standards; quality standards for agricultural inputs and veterinary products; and standards on pesticide residues in plants and some products for treating animals. Pursuant to Decree No. 328/993 of 9 July 1993, it is also responsible for monitoring the quality and composition of animal feed. In 2001, under Resolution DGSA/DGSG 05/2001 of 22 June 2001, a Comisión Técnica Coordinadora en Materia de Importación de Alimentos para Animales (Coordinating Technical Commission for the Import of Animal Feed) was set up within the Ministry. It is composed of two delegates from the Dirección General de Servicios Ganaderos (DGSG) (Directorate-General of Livestock Services) and two others from the Dirección General de Servicios Agrícolas (DGSA) (Directorate-General of Agricultural Services).

The DINARA draws up and monitors compliance with standards for fisheries and fish products. These apply to fish products for human or animal consumption, as well as their processing, storage, transport and marketing. WTO (1998). The regulations and controls applied by the DINARA follow the guidelines laid down, inter alia, by the FAO-WHO and the Codex Alimentarius. Ibid.

Decree No. 55/003 of 6 February 2003 provides that the Ministry of Public Health (MSP) shall lay down the sanitary requirements for food products for human consumption on the basis of advice from the Directorate-General of Health, which in 2003 replaced the Ministry's Technical Commission. The standards laid down by the Ministry are based on those in the Codex Alimentarius. The MSP has delegated certain responsibilities to municipal authorities and to the MGAP. For example, the municipal authorities ensure compliance with the National Bromatological Regulations Decree No. 315/994 of 5 July 1994, incorporating all the food standards agreed at the MERCOSUR level to date. and the MGAP is responsible for monitoring hygiene-sanitary conditions in the facilities within its sphere of competence that are involved in the production, industrial processing and preparation of food products.

Sanitary and phytosanitary certificates are required depending on the level of risk and are issued by the country of origin for animals, plants and animal and plant products. A sanitary or phytosanitary certificate is required for shipments of fresh fruit, plants, seeds, potatoes, parts of plants, unmanufactured tobacco, all live animals, bovine meat, prepared meat, milk and dairy products, fish, seafood, shellfish, poultry and all products of a similar nature. In addition, the products may be subject to other requirements such as prior authorization or registration.

Sanitary and phytosanitary requirements for imported goods
Product Requirements Legal basis
Goods of plant origin Request for the Acreditación Fitosanitaria de Importación - AFIDI (Phytosanitary Import Accreditation) or prior declaration depending on the phytosanitary risk posed by the goods, to be sent to the Dirección General de Servicios Agrícolas (Directorate-General of Agricultural Services) in the MGAP, within five working days of the arrival of the goods Decree No. 328 of 21 June 1991; Decree No. 373 of 8 October 1997
Products of plant origin (fresh or frozen) and bread products (with the exception of breadcrumbs), cooked or for cooking Prior authorization by the MSP Decree No. 521 of 24 November 1993
Fish products, by-products and derivatives Prior import authorization by the INAPE Decree No. 213/97 of 18 June 1997; Decree No. 149 of 7 May 1997
Marine fisheries products, fresh or frozen, of species caught on the coast or processed on land (which must be specifically indicated) Prior authorization by the MSP Decree No. 521 of 24 November 1993; Circular No. 99/009 of 9 March 1994 from the BROU's Division for the Control of International Trade
Eggs for incubation and one-day-old chicks Prior authorization by the Animal Health Division Resolution No. 37 of 31 July 2003 of the Directorate-General of Livestock Services
Poultry meat of any species, chilled, frozen and industrially processed, and edible poultry offal Registration of the importer in the INAC Register of Poultry Meat Exporters and Importers INAC Resolution No. 47 of 15 April 1993
Live bovine cattle, sheep and horses Prior authorization by the Directorate-General of Livestock Services MGAP Resolution of 26 August 1998
Pig meat in any form and its preparations Registration of the importer in the INAC Register of Meat Product Factories and Importers INAC Resolution No. 109 of 28 August 1988
Semen and embryos of animal species Registration of importers in the Register of the Markets and Ports Division of the Directorate of Animal Health;
Prior authorization by the Directorate of Animal Health Decree No. 5 of 3 January 1992; Decree No. 182 of 6 May 1992
Imported animal feed Registration of animal feed (products) with the MGAP if the products have been mixed or industrially processed; Direct Unloading Regime Decree No. 328/993 of 9 July 1993

Certain products may not be imported for sanitary reasons.

Import restrictions for sanitary reasons
Animals and animal products:
Animals and animal products from regions where there are diseases that could constitute a threat to domestic livestock or from countries whose animal health legislation and regulations do not afford sufficient guarantees in the opinion of the Executive Protection of animal life and health Regulatory Decree of 8 June 1934
Horses from countries affected by African Horse Sickness Protection of animal life and health Decree No. 139 of 31 March 1992
Domestic or wild poultry, eggs and related products from Korea, Japan, Viet Nam, China, Indonesia, Laos, Pakistan, Thailand and Cambodia, as well as Chinese Taipei, or from those countries where the disease known as avian flu might occur Protection of animal life and health Decree No. 50/04 of 11 February 2004
Veterinary medicines used to boost growth in bovine animals, sheep, pigs, horses and poultry Protection of animal life and health Decree No. 915/988 of 28 December 1988
Blood of bovine animals Protection of animal life and health Resolution of 20 August 1993
Source: WTO Secretariat.
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